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See New Sign Of Agreement Over City
But in Nagorno-Karabakh itself, there was no such optimism. The leaders of the enclave had previously admitted that the capital, Stepanakert, would have been lost within days if the fighting had continued. China`s relations are managed by the Chinese People`s Association for Friendship with Foreigners.  City twinning is supported in Japan by the Council of Local Authorities for International Relations, a joint agency of local governments established by the Japanese government in 1988 (like Sister Cities International, its equivalent in the United States). More recently, at the initiative of its governor Yoichi Masuzoe, Tokyo has begun to actively promote “urban diplomacy” with other cities.  Urban diplomacy is a form of paradiplomacy that involves discussions between officials and residents of different cities. Often these cities will be located in different countries. As such, urban diplomacy involves a kind of international relations that operate in parallel with the traditional system, involving embassies, ambassadors and contracts negotiated at the nation-state level. According to Rodrigo Tavares, the first formal attempts to establish urban diplomacy across national borders took place in the 19th century. Only a handful of cities participated in the 19th century efforts; It was not until the turn of the millennium that things became much more frequent.
 The first priority of those involved in urban diplomacy generally coincides with the main objectives of the municipality, improving the lives of residents. Nevertheless, they will often work with their peers in other cities to work on topics of global importance, such as efforts. B efforts to combat climate change.   The 11 PARTNERS of the INNOVATE project aimed to overcome market barriers to the in-depth energy upgrade of the private housing stock. They spent three years. . . . In the United Kingdom, the term “twin cities” is the most widely used; the term “sister cities” is generally used for agreements with cities in North and South America.   On the European continent, the most commonly used terms are `twin cities`, `twin cities`, `twin cities` and `friendship cities`.
The European Commission uses the term `twin cities` and refers to the process as `twinning cities`.   Spain uses the term “ciudades hermanadas,” which means “sister cities.” Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic use the partner city (De) / miasto partnerskie (Pl) / partnerské mesto (Cz), which means “partner city” or “partner city”. France uses twin city (twinning, twinning city or city) and Italy a gemellaggio (partnership) and comune gemellato (common partner).  In the Netherlands, the terms “Partnerstad” or “Stedenband” (“urban borrowing” when it comes to mutual assistance). In Greece, the word “Adelfopiisi – Fraternity” was adopted. In Iceland, the terms vinab`ir (friends cities) and Vinaborgir (friends cities) are used. In the former Soviet bloc, “twin cities” and “twin cities” were used, with the “Ru” (sworn brother cities).   America, South Asia and Australasia use the term “twin cities” or “twin cities.” In China, it is the term “Yuh`o chengshe”, friendly cities.
 Sometimes other government agencies include a partnership relationship, such as the agreement between Hainan provinces in China and Jeju-do in South Korea. The twelve is a twinning of cities with a city from each of the Member States of the European Union.   However, the pact quickly became mired in a larger division of the party, with the United States recalling it.